Sandhya K. Balaram, MD, PhD - Interim Chief, Division of Cardiac Surgery

Medical Specialty

Cardiothoracic Surgery

Specialty/Clinical Interests

Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
Aortic Surgery
Valve Surgery

Board Certification

American Board of Surgery
American Board of Thoracic Surgery

Medical School

University of Missouri


Creighton University


University of Wisconsin-Madison

Academic Appointment

Assistant Clinical Professor of Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

From the Doctor

Dr. Balaram joined Mount Sinai St. Luke’s Roosevelt in July of 2004, after completing specialized training in minimally invasive and robotic cardiac surgery. Her clinical interests include minimally invasive surgery, valve surgery, and aortic surgery. She is involved a number of clinical research projects and active clinical trials. Her research interests include thoracic aortic aneurysms, the role of gender in cardiac surgery, and surgery for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. She has presented in local, national, and international meetings and is widely published.


Balaram SK. Cell Adhesion Molecules and Insulin-like Growth Factor-I in Vascular Disease. Creighton University Graduate School PhD Thesis 1999.

Balaram SK, Agrawal DK, Allen RT, Kuszynski CA, and Edwards JD. “Insulin-like Growth Factor-I and Vascular Disease.” J Vasc Surg 1997. 25:866-867.

Balaram SK, Agrawal DK, and Edwards JD. “IGF-1 activates NFB and increases transcription of ICAM-1 gene in endothelial cells.”Cardiovascular Surgery 1999. 7:91-96.

Balaram SK, Murray BT, and Richards, AT. “Adherent thrombus from bleeding ulcer results in obstructing duodenal pseudotumor.” J Am Coll Surg July 2001 193 (1): 104.

DeRose JJ Jr, Toumpoulis IK, Balaram SK, Ioannidis JP, Belsley S, Ashton RC Jr, Swistel DG, Anagnostopoulos CE .Preoperative Predictors of Long-Term Survival Following Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with Low Left Ventricular Ejection Fractions (<25%). J Thorac Cardiovasc Surgery. 2005 Feb;129(2):314-21.

Balaram SK, Toumpoulis IK, DeRose JJ, and Swistel DG. Results of Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery Grafting in Women. Circulation 111 (4) E40 Feb 2005.

Balaram SK, Sherrid MV, DeRose JJ, Hillel Z, Winson G, and Swistel DG. Beyond Extended Myectomy for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: The RPR (Resection-Plication-Release) Repair. Ann Thorac Surg 2005 Jul;80(1):217-23

Joshi S, Steinberg JS, Ashton RC, Balaram S, Fischer A, DeRose JJ, Jr. Follow-up of Robotically-Assisted Left Ventricular Epicardial Leads for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005. 46;12:2358-9.

DeRose JJ Jr, Balaram SK, Ro C, Swistel DG, Singh V, Wilentz JR, Todd GJ, Ashton RC Jr. Mid-term results and patient perceptions of robotically-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting. Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 2005;4:406-11.

DeRose JJ Jr, Balaram SK, Ro C, Swistel DG, Steinberg JS, Joshi S, Ashton RC Jr. Midterm follow-up of robotic biventricular pacing demonstrates excellent lead stability and improved response rates. Innovations 2006;1:105-110.

Ro CY, DeRose JJ Jr., Connery CP, Balaram SK, Ashton RC Jr. Three-year experience with totally endoscopic robotic thymectomy. Innovations 2006;1:111- 114. Toumpoulis IK, Anagnostopoulos CE, Balaram SK, Rokkas CK, Swistel DG, Ashton RC, DeRose JJ. Assessment of Independent Predictors for Long-Term Mortality between Women and Men after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: Are Women Different than Men? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Feb;131(2):343-51. Epub 2006 Jan 18.

Toumpoulis IK, Anagnostopoulos CE, Balaram SK, Swistel DG, Ashton RC, and DeRose JJ. Does Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery Grafting Increase Long-term Survival in Diabetic Patients? Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Feb;81(2):599-606; discussion 606-7.

Balaram SK and Swistel DG. Long-Term Prognosis of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy after Surgery. Anatolian J Cardiology. 2006;6 Suppl 2: 37-9.

Swistel DG, and Balaram SK. Resection, Plication, Release-the RPR procedure for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 2006 ;6 Suppl 2:31-6.

Blasberg J.D. and Balaram S.K.: “Heart Disease in Men.” Coronary Artery Surgery In Men: Risks And Outcomes. Cardiology Research and Clinical Developments. Editors: Alice B. Todd, MD and Margo H. Mosley, MD Nova Publishers. Hauppauge, NY. 2009.

Blasberg J.D. and Balaram S.K.: “Coronary Artery Bypasses.” The Influence Of Male Gender In Coronary Bypass Surgery. Cardiology Research And Clinical Developments. Editors: Russell T. Hammond, MD and James B Alton, MD Nova Publishers. Hauppauge, NY. 2009.

Balaram S.K. and Blasberg J.D.: “Principles Of Gender Specific Medicine, 2nd Edition.” The Role of Gender In Cardiothoracic Surgery. Editor: Paula A. Johnson, MD and Marianne J. Legato, MD Elsevier Publishers. Philadelphia, PA. 2010.

Balaram SK, Tyrie L, Sherrid MV, Afthinos J, Hillel Z, Winson G, Swistel DG. Resection-plication-release for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: clinical and echocardiographic follow-up.Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Nov;86(5):1539-44; discussion 1544-5.

Gustafson C, Balaram S, Swistel DG, Anca D, Hillel Z, Wasnick JD. Expected and unexpected pulmonic valve masses: transesophageal echocardiographic diagnosis and individualized management.J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2009 Jun;23(3):358-9.

Blasberg JD, Schwartz GS, and Balaram SK. Left anterior descending artery dissection in a patient with Kawasaki’s disease. Chirurgia 2010;23:63-6.

Meet Our Physicians

Sandhya K. Balaram, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Karan Omidvari, MD

Daniel Swistel, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Contact Us

Mount Sinai St. Luke’s Roosevelt Hospital Center
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
(212) 523-2798